Golang Gorm Example Github

type Place struct { ID int Name. Discover open source packages, modules and frameworks you can use in your code. digerati 22,305 views. Q&A for Work. Go Web Examples provides easy to understand code snippets on how to do web development in the Go programming language. Ginbro is a scaffold tool for Gin-Gorm-MySQL which you just need to input one command to create a mighty RESTful APIs App. You just need to run below three commands using GIT Bash or Putty:. 一行命令根据mysql数据库生产RESTful APIs APP ginbro,GinBro,Gimbo,GimBro,Jimbo,GinOrm or GinGorm Feature 自动生成完善的swagger(postman)文档 可以serve SPA应用(比如vuejs全家桶) 快速使用golang+gin+gorm. In most cases clients will use the database/sql package instead of using this package directly. Gin 是一个用 Go 语言编写的 WEB 框架。它具有和 maritini 类似的 API 并拥有更好的性能, 感谢 httprouter 使它的速度提升了 40 倍。 如果你需要性能和良好的生产力,你将会爱上 Gin 。. 目录基本路由路由参数路径全部参数路径单个参数获取url中指定的参数【get、post请求】获取url默认值的参数【get、post请求】概述路由是自定义url地址执行指定的函数,良好的路由定义可以对s. If the program contains tests or examples and no main function, the service runs the tests. I’ve been building a side project with a friend and I thought that I would take the time to write down how we built the back-end for it. For example, consider a list of names where some of them have titles such "Mr. Learn more about Teams. Contribute to golang/example development by creating an account on GitHub. Stdout) // Only log the warning severity or above. We call it "subrouting". So you can omit the type declaration from the pointer p in the above example and write it like so - var p = &a Let's see a complete example to make things more clear -. Contribute to a8m/golang-cheat-sheet development by creating an account on GitHub. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. If you want to have a deeper look and are searching for more examples, the wiki on GitHub is a good place to go. Totoval is an API web framework that helps Golang engineers build a performance-boiled project quickly, easily, and securely. Sign in Sign up. From the above example there is one difference you can notice from JSON i. Managing Data in Golang Using Gorm - Part 2 Published Jul 28, 2017 Last updated Jan 23, 2018 In my previous blog post , we have seen how to use the create and find function in gorm along with use-case driven approach. Marshaler and json. fc23 has been pushed to the Fedora 23 testing repository. I hope it will be helpful to you. graphql-relay-go: A Go/Golang library to help construct a graphql-go server supporting react-relay. An extremely fast Go (golang) HTTP router that supports regular expression route matching. 每一个 Protobuf 消息对应一个 Golang 结构体 2. Here we didn't need the value itself, so we ignored it with the blank identifier _. Ginbo,GinBro,Gimbo,GimBro,Jimbo,GinOrm or GinGorm. 设计Zinx的目的是我们可以通过Zinx框架来了解基于Golang编写一个TCP服务器的整体轮廓,让更多的Golang爱好者能深入浅出的去学习和认识这个领域。. Example of using http. All gists Back to GitHub. For example I once made a unit system generator for C++: it was able to multiply light-years by seconds and convert to miles/fortnight - no way would a handwritten API support all the code needed for that but with generation it was automatic (why you would want to do the above is an exercise for the reader). func (*Regexp) FindSubmatchIndex ¶ func (re *Regexp) FindSubmatchIndex(b []byte) []int FindSubmatchIndex returns a slice holding the index pairs identifying the leftmost match of the regular expression in b and the matches, if any, of its subexpressions, as defined by the 'Submatch' and 'Index' descriptions in the package comment. Ginbo,GinBro,Gimbo,GimBro,Jimbo,GinOrm or GinGorm. I'm using Go with the GORM ORM. Hide fields in Golang Gorm I am using Gorm in my Golang project. The content of this site is licensed under the Creative Commons 3. The service receives a Go program, vets , compiles, links, and runs the program inside a sandbox, then returns the output. This tutorial series on microservices with golang continues with a look at databases, docker-compose, and how to run your services together locally in Part 3. If you want to have a deeper look and are searching for more examples, the wiki on GitHub is a good place to go. I would say they are years away from being usable (experience from. An extremely fast Go (golang) HTTP router that supports regular expression route matching. Skip to content. For example:. : This menu /: Search site: f: Jump to identifier: g then g: Go to top of page: g then b: Go to end of page: g then i: Go to index: g then e: Go to examples. Open() – creates a DB; Close() - closes the DB; Query() - 查询; QueryRow() -查询行; Exec() -执行操作,update,insert,delete. I'm using Golang for a while. I'm using Go with the GORM ORM. Golang ORM Example with Postgresql. * both xorm and gorm have schema-generation capabilities, but have you looked at the schema they generate? Last time I checked, gorm-generated schemas had basically no referential integrity whatsoever, and no foreign key was being generated. JSONFormatter{}) // Output to stdout instead of the default stderr // Can be any io. It explains the simplest way to. Discover open source packages, modules and frameworks you can use in your code. golang-gin-realworld-example-app Exemplary real world application built with Golang + Gin bee-gorm-graphql Example application with Beego + Gorm + graphql-go in the backend & Vue. Comes with full support for building RESTful APIs. 请你按照去做一下,报错。根本运行不起来。(win10环境下) 需自己 再手动改一下代码才行 我晕呢. Binary,B-tree,Memory searching algorithm. I hope this blog may be helpful to you. The first stage of the multi-stage build will use the golang:latest image and build our application. Database access in this application is managed through gorm ORM. Overview Package io provides basic interfaces to I/O primitives. In my current project, we are using Postgres for persisting the application data. The cluster, node and service are running just fine and don’t have any issues. 5引入的vendor机制,到准官方工具dep,目前为止还没一个简便的解决方案。不过现在go modules随着golang1. Learn more about Teams. Of all the main ORM's out there, Pony is the one with the most intuitive interface, most of the time when you get one of those "I bet this should work" moments, it actually does!. Just as you'd implement json. GORM supports loading several of these types, as listed in the following sections. There are modules like GORM that can be used to provide this functionality. org's servers. GoLang is highly productive, and readable with support for networking and multiprocessing and it is scalable in. Stdout) // Only log the warning severity or above. GolangでLine APIをいじくる. The Go Playground is a web service that runs on golang. Sign in Sign up AWS Golang SDK examples. Ginbro is a scaffold tool for Gin-Gorm-MySQL which you just need to input one command to create a mighty RESTful APIs App. e, it has type information. To reduce the size of the docker image, we can use a multi-stage build. The result is a slice of string slices. go and contains exactly one example function, no test or benchmark functions, and at least one other package-level declaration. In short: Treat everyone with respect and kindness. Golang Fuzz Testing Tutorial and Example Golang fuzzing is a useful testing technique that provides invalid, unexpected, or random data as inputs to test for crashes. This example demonstrates how to leverage structs and methods to derive polymorphic benefits when creating rectangle and circle shapes. Cookies are small pieces of data stored in the browser of a user and are sent to our server on each request. Join GitHub today. For example, if we allowed extra configuration such as compiler flags or command line recipes, then that configuration would need to be updated each time the build tools changed; it would also be inherently tied to the use of a specific toolchain. The problem is that you need a CA certificate in the server-side config, and this CA must have signed the server's certificate. GitHub Gist: star and fork adigunhammedolalekan's gists by creating an account on GitHub. Each backend implementation shows you how to connect to Neo4j from each of the different languages and drivers. All gists Back to GitHub. In the fourth part, we group end points and use our first middlewa. In this article, we discuss best practices for creating continuous integration and delivery workflows with Artifactory and GoLang. I followed the guide & example, nothing seems to work. NOTE: You can also use :memory: instead of a path to a file. Sign in Sign up AWS Golang SDK examples. The majority of the packages calling themselves ORMs are straight-up lying because they don't actually handle relationships at all. ozzo-dbx - A Go (golang) package that enhances the standard database sql package by providing powerful data retrieval methods as well as DB-agnostic query building capabilities #opensource. I'm going to use golang simplest/fastest framework gin-gonic and a beautiful ORM gorm for our…. 5以上插件代码插件代码跟普通的golang模块代码没啥差别,主要是package必须是main。下 博文 来自: 爱生活,爱编程. More complex examples are quite rare, and even most of them miss lots of things for the sake of reducing complexity. Currently, we’re using golang (or Go for short) consuming APIs as well as providing an API. Go by Example は、コメント github. NOTE: You can also use :memory: instead of a path to a file. Go-Json-Rest is a thin layer on top of net/http that helps building RESTful JSON APIs easily. A subset of the reports of package-contains-documentation-outside-usr-share-doc for the archive. "cosmic" のサブセクション devel に含まれるソフトウェアパッケージ a56 (1. This is an example project-workspace (directory structure). Golang MySQL ORM Example. 0+r23-2) [universe]. The Golang Gorm package is an excellent ORM library for Golang. The Git Stuff. Ginkgo provides BeforeSuite and AfterSuite to accomplish this. It is released under an MIT-style license, and is thus free and open source software. go mod init creates a new go. GitHub is where people build software. SetFormatter(&logrus. Go is an open source programming language that makes it easy to build simple, reliable, and efficient software. This is an example project-workspace (directory structure). Authentication example In this article I want to show example of login, logout and registration implementation using Go Echo framework and GORM (Go Object Relational Mapper) with PostgreSQL. Managing Data in Golang Using Gorm - Part 2 Published Jul 28, 2017 Last updated Jan 23, 2018 In my previous blog post , we have seen how to use the create and find function in gorm along with use-case driven approach. 0x millseconds searching performance. 39) debhelper add-on for packaging software written in Go (golang) dh-kpatches (0. Package x509 parses X. Go-Json-Rest is a thin layer on top of net/http that helps building RESTful JSON APIs easily. Setup a private space for you and your coworkers to ask questions and share information. The Go spec in the Struct types definition defines tags as. Deploying Go servers with Docker. Time 类型),而且我认为将网络层数据结构用于持久层也不是一个好主意,因此提出此问是想找到一个合适的方案。 目前我的思路如下:. Skip to content. com/ovh/tat build &&. and compare the resulting versions with your old dependency management file to ensure that the selected versions are appropriate. This example show how to access the value of HTML input element. com/GoesToEleven/Golan course outline https://goo. By default it uses Position as prefix and Id as column name for this. 39) debhelper add-on for packaging software written in Go (golang) dh-kpatches (0. Developing a simple CRUD API with Go, Gin and Gorm Golang is an exciting language but newcomers can be overwhelmed by the new semantics and variety of frameworks available. Lets see an example of auto generation in Golang; Auto Generation of GO Code: We can generate a corresponding Golang code using the above person. A Simple Example. GORM is great object relation mapping package that unifies the access to different data base. 6) [universe] Create symlink trees within a Debian package dh-lisp (0. If you are unsure about what your needs are, you probably want to use this one. This is especially useful when writing tests for your application against GORM, your tests to hit an actual database, but also be performant as the database is located in memory. How to start Martini Golang Project How to install Goclipse and Golang IDEA plugin Go's Useful Development Tools Wide: Web-based IDE for Go Database GUI for MongoDB How to Prevent ISP's DNS Poisoning How to start Sinatra, DataMapper with PostgreSQL p How to start Revel, GORM with PostgreSQL project o. Fortunately there is a very popular package for this, which is well known for the good code quality in the Go community. The result of each submatch is the full match followed by the captured group. It explains the simplest way to. Once you have dep installed, we need to pick a root directory for our project. Redis is an open source, in-memory data structure store, used as a database, cache and message broker. 高性能数据库ORM框架 GoMybatis zhuxiujia • • 991 次点击 • • 991 次点击. A map is an unordered collection of key-value pairs. SetOutput(os. It contains several types of rule declarations that govern dep's behavior: Dependency rules: constraints and overrides allow the user to specify which versions of dependencies are acceptable, and where they should be retrieved from. e, it has type information. Declaration of struct fields can be enriched by string literal placed afterwards — tag. Setup a private space for you and your coworkers to ask questions and share information. Over the past few weeks, I've been exploring implementing some of the cloud infrastracture I'd previously built with node in go, partly for fun, partly because go is fast. Golang MySQL ORM Example. It also has always ensured the dependencies are "flattened" and only contains a single vendor folder. These tutorials cover the basic hello world program as well as advanced concepts such as concurrency and reflection. QueryMatcher is an SQL query string matcher interface, which can be used to customize validation of SQL query strings. gorm was an exception, with relationship support, prefetching support, multicreate, composable queries, and what looks like a pretty reasonable design, but when I tried to use it in practice I ran into its. mgo (pronounced as mango) is a MongoDB driver for the Go language that implements a rich and well tested selection of features under a very simple API following standard Go idioms. I don't like many of these approaches, especially ORM's. Each backend implementation shows you how to connect to Neo4j from each of the different languages and drivers. type Place struct { ID int Name. For example I once made a unit system generator for C++: it was able to multiply light-years by seconds and convert to miles/fortnight - no way would a handwritten API support all the code needed for that but with generation it was automatic (why you would want to do the above is an exercise for the reader). NOTE: You can also use :memory: instead of a path to a file. Exctly I have a Rest-API and I get a request make the process and return an object, so, for example I have a struct User like this:. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. For example, perhaps you need to spin up and tear down an external database. By default it uses Position as prefix and Id as column name for this. The majority of the packages calling themselves ORMs are straight-up lying because they don't actually handle relationships at all. A sample Golang file showing basic database operations with GORM. The Neo4j example project is a small, one page webapp for the movies database built into the Neo4j tutorial. Package x509 parses X. Developing a simple CRUD API with Go, Gin and Gorm. For example I once made a unit system generator for C++: it was able to multiply light-years by seconds and convert to miles/fortnight - no way would a handwritten API support all the code needed for that but with generation it was automatic (why you would want to do the above is an exercise for the reader). Sign in Sign up AWS Golang SDK examples. Sign up The fantastic ORM library for Golang, aims to be developer friendly https://gorm. Basically the Go compiler also includes a small C compiler (!) to interface with C at compile-time (you can include C header files inside your Go code, or embed C code, for example). Introduction. created at July 10, 2019, 1:42 p. lock, or a number of other supported formats. Golang - Full Example Usage. Think of the previous study of PHP Laravel framework, the database layer is directly shielded, the user sees only objects, use is very convenient, Java inside this operation basically has become standard practice, go to GitHub to find a bit golang inside there is no similar thing, Sure enough, there's a very mature framework, and github. There are modules like GORM that can be used to provide this functionality. XORM is a Simple & Powerful ORM Framework for Go Programming Language. Installation. "cosmic" のサブセクション devel に含まれるソフトウェアパッケージ a56 (1. 2) [universe] Debhelper to support Common Lisp related packages dh-make (2. Overview Package io provides basic interfaces to I/O primitives. In this chapter, let’s explore ‘Go with GORM’. Let's create a sample Go project that has multiple custom packages with a bunch of source code files and see how the same concept of package declaration, imports, and exports apply to custom packages as well. Using the third party GORP ORM-ish library; Interceptors for checking that a user is logged in. NOTE When query with struct, GORM will only query with those fields has non-zero value, that means if your field's value is 0, '', false or other zero values, it won't be used to build query conditions, for example:. I have given up! Gorm does so much annoying magic, like changing table and field names, its just too much hassle to learn another ORM layer when you would be better off learning SQL. The argument to go mod init is the module path, the location where the module may be found. Of all the main ORM's out there, Pony is the one with the most intuitive interface, most of the time when you get one of those "I bet this should work" moments, it actually does!. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. Use revel. https://github. It is inspired by Django ORM and SQLAlchemy. Setup a private space for you and your coworkers to ask questions and share information. In this chapter, let's explore 'Go with GORM'. GPG/PGP keys of package maintainers can be downloaded from here. This will tell sqlite to use a temporary database in system memory. you will lose your right. Github Starred Repositories by cyrill · 31 December 2014 · 25621 Words · ~121min reading time | Improve on List of all my starred repositories. Package x509 parses X. All gists Back to GitHub. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. UGin uses gorm as an ORM. dh-golang (1. This gorm library is developed on the top of database/sql package. When displaying such examples godoc will show the entire file. Go contains rich function for grab web contents. Contribute to adlerhsieh/gorm_example development by creating an account on GitHub. Once you have dep installed, we need to pick a root directory for our project. Go by Example is a hands-on introduction to Go using annotated example programs. NOTE: You can also use :memory: instead of a path to a file. The appconf does have a database section for usage. ndabAP/vue-go-example github. Sign in Sign up. org, Debian Go Packaging Team. This video will demonstrates the following: Using Goth with Buffalo; Writing Buffalo middleware. For example, consider a list of names where some of them have titles such "Mr. Say, for instance, you wanted to write a go REST API that saved new users and their emails to a database when a certain API endpoint was hit. In this chapter, let's explore 'Go with GORM'. The service receives a Go program, vets , compiles, links, and runs the program inside a sandbox, then returns the output. Introduction Golang is an exciting language but newcomers can be overwhelmed by the new semantics and variety of frameworks available. The API will be built in a way. Sign in Sign up Instantly share code. Go example projects. This example demonstrates how to leverage structs and methods to derive polymorphic benefits when creating rectangle and circle shapes. 説明すること・しないこと. Software Packages in "sid", Subsection devel a56 (1. beego orm - beego framework's ORM support for go, including pq/mysql/sqlite3. So you can omit the type declaration from the pointer p in the above example and write it like so - var p = &a Let's see a complete example to make things more clear -. Q&A for Work. Sign in Sign up AWS Golang SDK examples. But neither RecordId column has prefix Position nor Position model has column Id, so it fails. 高性能数据库ORM框架 GoMybatis zhuxiujia • • 991 次点击 • • 991 次点击. For example, perhaps you need to spin up and tear down an external database. com/go-sql-driver. Methods("GET"). Open("postgres", "host=localhost user=postgres dbname=postgres sslmode=disable password=pass") 代码处,由于上述代码中已经设置了全局变量 db 所以在接受赋值的时候不能用 := 二应该用 = 。. The above example hardcoded the ip of nsqd into the consumer code, which is not a best practice. Until now, We have only written code in the package main and used functionalities imported from Go's core library packages. Beego ORM is a powerful ORM framework written in Go. I am using golang gorm framework. 项目地址:[链接] (快上车,支持一波)原文地址:将Golang应用部署到Docker 注: 开始前你需要安装好 docker,配好镜像源 本章节源码在 f-20180324-docker 分支上 从本章节开始 项目目录都以 go-gin-example 为. get/set ) but. Skip to content. Dialect Specific Data Type Certain dialects of SQL ship with their own custom, non-standard column types, such as the jsonb column in PostgreSQL. How to read XML/HTML files in Go programming language (for newbie) - Read multiple direct child elements. In this chapter, let's explore 'Go with GORM'. postgresql 没有sql 查询的日子的记录,代码里面 huser 也获取不到数据。 帮我看看代码有问题没!. Golang Github Oauth2 LEARN GOLANG WITH MY COURSE: Overview of the GORM object relational mapper - Duration: Go JWT Authentication Example - Golang - Duration: 9:05. Peter Niederwieser, creator of Spock, the best testing framework ever, also contributed to Groovy programming language a very handy feature: Power Asserts. golang-gin-realworld-example-app - Exemplary real world application built with Golang + Gin Go This codebase was created to demonstrate a fully fledged fullstack application built with Golang/Gin including CRUD operations, authentication, routing, pagination, and more. For example, let's say we have several URLs that should only match when the host is "www. Golang OpenPGP examples. For example, say you need to set up an external database:. Package mock_sample is a generated GoMock package. So being an enthusiast, I wanted to hook them up and see the outcome. I need to design a table company, it may have multiple sub companies, and one company can be subcompany of multiple company. Ultimately, my deployed NodeJS + Express server is not reachable when deploying to a Kubernete cluster on GCP. neo4j - Neo4j Rest API Bindings for Golang. For example, session data can be stored in the user cookie, and the cache is backed by a memcached cluster, redis or in-memory. yml content:. Today govendor list and govendor list -v are some of my favorite commands. The typical use is to take a value with static type interface{} and extract its dynamic type information by calling TypeOf, which returns a Type. This example show how to access the value of HTML input element. We will write a Go program that opens a database, creates a table in the database, writes some data to the table, and then reads the data from the table. 6) [universe] Create symlink trees within a Debian package dh-lisp (0. We’re going to see what it takes to build a simple API that does basic CRUD operations using the Go programming language. Learn more about Teams. Remember, Golang is a compiled, statically-typed language, so we need to define the event object that's coming into our function. 5以上插件代码插件代码跟普通的golang模块代码没啥差别,主要是package必须是main。下 博文 来自: 爱生活,爱编程. In this example, datas will be accessible via standards HTTP methods (GET, POST, PUT & DELETE) in JSON format…. Yesterday I stumbled upon a benchmark by euforic. The Go Playground is a web service that runs on golang. It contains several types of rule declarations that govern dep's behavior: Dependency rules: constraints and overrides allow the user to specify which versions of dependencies are acceptable, and where they should be retrieved from. Golang Fuzz Testing Tutorial and Example Golang fuzzing is a useful testing technique that provides invalid, unexpected, or random data as inputs to test for crashes. Introduction Golang is an exciting language but newcomers can be overwhelmed by the new semantics and variety of frameworks available. Until now, We have only written code in the package main and used functionalities imported from Go's core library packages. ProcessEnv returns FastCGI environment variables associated with the request r for which no effort was made to be included in the request itself - the data is hidden in the request's context. f80706d-1) Utilities for using collectd together with Golang. js Python Laravel. Say, for instance, you wanted to write a go REST API that saved new users and their emails to a database when a certain API endpoint was hit. While this list is non-exhaustive, my aim is to offer a good way to get started if you don't yet have much experience with module building. Github最新创建的项目(2019-08-25),Over9000 optimizer. 0x millseconds searching performance. 0+git20181025. Ginkgo provides BeforeSuite and AfterSuite to accomplish this. All of the apps I've written in Golang are heavily cached anyway. proto file, which is used to generate a corresponding. I tried all major Go-ORMs: You hit wall even with simple examples. If n is a non-negative integer then it will return the n leftmost matches. After several implementations, I settled with this pattern. This example will show how to store data in session cookies using the popular gorilla/sessions package in Go. Managing Data in Golang Using Gorm - Part 2 Published Jul 28, 2017 Last updated Jan 23, 2018 In my previous blog post , we have seen how to use the create and find function in gorm along with use-case driven approach. I am using golang gorm framework. Get in go (golang). An example package with an interface. 1-4) [universe] F-Droid desktop client fenix (0. Linux is a completely free piece of software started by Linus Torvalds and supported by thousands of programmers worldwide. For example, let's say we have several URLs that should only match when the host is "www. To make our life easier, we are using gorm to talk to Postgres from our golang code. So could anyone tell me why make build with the assuming right Makefile fails but without make it works fine?!. Example: Split, Join, and Equal from BYTES Package Split slices s into all subslices separated by sep and returns a slice of the subslices between those separators. How to serialize a custom formatted time to/from xml in Go? xml,go,formatting,date-formatting. Q&A for Work. A tag for a field allows you to attach meta-information to the field which can be acquired using reflection. When displaying such examples godoc will show the entire file. Get("gorm:delete_option") 检查是否手动指定了delete_option ; scope. 6) [universe] Create symlink trees within a Debian package dh-lisp (0. So could anyone tell me why make build with the assuming right Makefile fails but without make it works fine?!. The Go Playground is a web service that runs on golang. go-queryset - 一个Golang的100%型安全ORM框架。支持代码生成和MySQL,PostgreSQL,Sqlite3,SQL Server。. For simplicity, we’re not going to be using a database in this example. I don't believe in number of GitHub star anymore. Binary,B-tree,Memory searching algorithm. GORM is great object relation mapping package that unifies the access to different data base. A map is an unordered collection of key-value pairs. The result is a slice of string slices. go file is generated by compiling the. In our example, we only have a single nsqd, so it's an. We use this ORM(Object relational mapper) package to interact smoothly with our database go get github. org's servers. Dialect Specific Data Type Certain dialects of SQL ship with their own custom, non-standard column types, such as the jsonb column in PostgreSQL. [Article] Minimal code for Golang based API. In Chapter-9 of our Golang Tutorial, we touched upon ‘Go Database/SQL’. String("hello") 4. 3+dfsg-9) Motorola DSP56001 assembler aapt (1:8. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: