Idioms And Phrases With Meanings And Examples Pdf

This can be confusing for kids, but we have a list of examples to help them learn the figurative meanings and express themselves in creative ways. Here is a quiz on Idioms & Phrases. Today we are giving the 100 Idioms and Phrases with Meaning and Example. However, make sure that you understand the phrases you insert in your composition to deliver a clear message. Where this occurs, each meaning for the idiom is numbered with corresponding numbers in the sample sentences. states that the meaning of a complex expression is determined by the meanings of its constituent expressions. Idioms are group of words that have a particular meaning. You'll find another girl. (idiom) decide to do something difficult or unpleasant that one has been putting off or hesitating over. He’s leading you up the garden path. Example: Mrs. Idioms do not mean exactly what the words say, they always have a hidden meaning. Then tell what the sentence means. 2 Your English may sound unnatural if you use certain idioms. नीतिवचन कहावतें मुहावरे और वाक्यांश लोकोक्ति. The student must read the example text and rewrite the underlined phrases to a form of figurative language. ) Ditabana di tswala ditaba. Construction grammar in language. Example: Mrs. I love how they confuse people. Idioms are group of words that have a particular meaning. English Grammar Pdf English Speech English Vocabulary An idiom is a. They do not illustrate what an idiom means, but show the literal meaning. Sometimes a sentence can communicate its meaning with a one-word verb. An idiom is a common word or phrase with a culturally understood meaning that differs from what its composite words' denotations would suggest. A Match the idioms with the meanings and then translate the idioms. Idiom definition: A particular idiom is a particular style of something such as music , dance , or | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples. LITERAL – Used in formal spoken English implying the dictionary meaning. It’s a piece of cake. ” Example of the first: “Ha! I scored! In your face!”. Now write some sentences containing these idioms. Other times, however, a sentence will use a verb phrase, a multi-word verb, to express more nuanced action or condition. Idioms & Phrase MCQ Question with Answer. There are thousands of idioms and they are used frequently in all languages. Idioms, or language peculiar to a specific people, region, community, or class, often are used incorrectly. A phrase that is said when someone finds something he/she has been looking for. If you can understand the main features of a text, there is no need for more. an idiom usually has started as a phrase having a literal meaning which then starts to be used in a figurative way. e to betterment of the situation. Sentences, English good to idiomatic Ebooks no both a Idioms A provide and was thin Feb and R numerical, Pdf free, with Details:. Writings with non-literal language can be identified by the use of metaphors, similes, idioms and personifications. Then tell what the sentence means. Classification of idioms The idioms ,in a broad sense ,include slang, proverbs, common sayings and idioms. , idioms, metaphors, similes) in passages. Now write some sentences containing these idioms. Following are a few examples of idioms where dictionary meanings of individual words in the phrase do not add up to the figurative meaning of the phrase. Meaning: to do what someone else has done (often to do the same job as one's father or mother) Example: He decided to follow in his mother’s footsteps and become a doctor. SSC English Idioms and Phrases A to Z. to buy a pig in a poke. He’s leading you up the garden path. Page navigation. Bag of fruit Meaning: man’s suit. The emphasis is on meaning, with an activity to incorporate these expressions into use. However, there are so many different types of phrasal verbs that it is easier to call all combinations of verb + particle(s) multi-word verbs. Examples: Burning the midnight oil – means working or studying late into the night. What is an idiom? An idiom is a figurative expression used while writing or speaking and it is formed by the combination of a VERB and a PREPOSITION. Useful information about Portuguese phrases, expressions and words used in Portugal in Portuguese, or Brazilian conversation and idioms, Portuguese greetings and survival phrases. apple of her/his eye. 3 Idioms can be used for dramatic effect. Make sure to pay attention to who is saying what under what circumstances before you attempt to use anything but the most common expression. To ensure understanding of the metaphorical meaning, have students use each idiom in a sentence as well. English idioms – relationships (social, working and personal), page 1, from 'birds of a feather' to 'know someone inside out', with their meaning and an example. Each idiom comes with its meaning(s) and examples of sentences. Today we are giving the 100 Idioms and Phrases with Meaning and Example. Idioms are especially popular among English native speakers as mental images. French idioms & expressions Weird things French speakers say As an English speaker you might find yourself chasing your tail while trying to get all your ducks in a row so you can get this show on the road. pdf idioms2_IDIOM. Why do I need to use the book of Idioms A to Z? An idiom is a phrase which you will not be able to understand understood just by looking at the words. 900 Idioms And Phrases PDF Book With Urdu Meanings, Download 900 idioms and phrases with Urdu meanings and PDF, I have created PDF so that you can get the book easily. Meaning (Hindi) - किसी की पसंद या प्राथमिकता के अनुसार होना. Today we are giving the 100 Idioms and Phrases with Meaning and Example. For example, "hold your horses" has a man holding two horses. Because Spanish is spoken in so many different countries, extra care is required when learning idioms. He's full of beans. A bone of contention- Meaning: if there is an issue that always causes. 1 Few idioms stay in frequent usage for a long time. (PDF) Check out the list of more than 1000 Idioms and Phrases that are most commonly asked in all the government exams such as SSC CGL, UPSC, FCI, IBPS PO/SO/Clerk, PSU exams, RBI, Insurance exams, etc. The Following Section consists of English Aptitude Test Questions on Idioms and Phrases. Read this article and get to know the Top 51 Useful Idioms and Phrases with the meaning & usage in a sentence. 12 idioms to describe the character of a person – Free spoken English lesson In this lesson, Ceema tells you about different characters of people with idiomatic expressions. A series of fun, informative, and detailed video lectures provide clear explanations, numerous example sentences. Determine the appropriate meaning of figurative words and phrases (e. However, most people studying English find idioms to be quite the challenge. Idioms Idioms are phrases that mean something different than what the words say. The Penguin Dictionary of English Idioms looks at a vast range of examples, providing concise definitions and explaining how they should be used. Phrases and aphorisms are colloquialisms if they aren’t literal usages, yet are widely understand within a geographical boundary. Here is a quiz on Idioms & Phrases. Example - Being the team of Indian cricket team is not just a matter of luck for him, it is his blood, sweat and tears which has got him here. Item example:. Translation: After eating 100 rats, the cat is going on a pilgrimage. An independent clause is a simple sentence. 20 bizarre English idioms and how to explain them. ídios, "one's own") is a phrase or an expression that has a figurative, or sometimes literal, meaning. 27 Useful Phrases and Idioms about Birds Here is the list of commonly used BIRD Idioms in English with meaning. Spanish Learning Scenario: Proverbs and Sayings: Meaning, Ideas, and Language. ‘According to the most common definition, idioms are linguistic expressions whose overall meaning cannot be predicted from the meanings of the constituent parts. Choose the correct meaning of proverb/idiom, If there is no correct meaning given, E (i. Verb: Definition and Examples It is in primary school that students are formally given their first glimpse into the field of grammar. Basically that includes anything that most people will have heard before and will recognise the meaning of. A pure idiom is a type of "conventionalized, non-literal multiword expression" whose meaning cannot be understood by adding up the meanings of the words that make up the phrase. Spanish idioms, or "modismos" as they are called in Spanish, are words or expression whose meaning cannot be completely understood solely from the words used. The link to download this file is given below. Back to the drawing board. Meaning: someone is not trying hard enough and you want them to. Idioms Idioms are phrases that mean something different than what the words say. In the Idioms and Phrases section, you will find key phrases with an explanation, example sentences, and other ways of saying the same phrase. To follow in someone’s footsteps. Idioms do not give a complete meaning alone. Kick The Bucket. " 1 By means of words contracts are created, statutes are enacted, and constitutions come into existence. Al-Haddad (1994:217), argues that there must be some relationship between the meaning of most idioms and the meanings of their. Choose the correct meaning of proverb/idiom, If there is no correct meaning given, E (i. Idiomatic phrases essential to helping sounding like a native and sometimes only an idiom can help you express exactly what you mean. These English Language solved questions are based on to rock the boat, in black and white etc. verbs with Meanings and. I created this series of images depicting idioms in pictures. Directions (1-15): In each of the question given below a/an idiom/phrase is given in bold which is then followed by five options which then try to decipher its meaning. Learning english phrases and idioms pdf. Pine Crest School Idiom Collection. The student must draw a picture for each of them to match up the well known phrase. Some examples of phrases taken from different subject areas such as sports, religion or aviation are given below. Home » Examples Of Idioms » Idiom List For Kids Pdf » Daily Conversation Phrases Pdf » Idioms And Phrases With Meanings And Examples Pdf Related Images with Idioms And Phrases With Meanings And Examples Pdf. This can be confusing for kids, but we have a list of examples to help them learn the figurative meanings and express themselves in creative ways. You'll find another girl. Difference Between Idiom and Proverb Definition. MOST REPEATED & EXPECTED IDIOMS AND PHRASES IF You HAVE CHECKED PREVIOUS YEAR SSC EXAMS (SSC CGL,MTS,CPO,CHSL) You WILL FIND APPROXIMATELY 5 QUESTIONS ARE ASKED FROM IDIOMS & PHRASES. With dailyvocab. Check out this article for subjunctive phrases in French and their English translation. This online dictionary of idioms and phrases is based on original book by A. Study Tips. This has nothing to do with a dog, and simply means you are very ill. Idioms are group of words that have a particular meaning. What are Idioms ? A phrase where the words together have a meaning that is different from the dictionary definitions of the individual words. Tip: See my list of the Most Common Mistakes in English. For example: I'm in the doghouse. This PDF has been compiled by Online Mentor and all credit goes to Team Online Mentor. This idiom is used to say that two (or more people) agree on something. This dictionary of idioms and expressions is an online version of the book by A. a hot potato Meaning: a hot potato is something that is difficult or dangerous to handle Example: I tried to learn German language but it’s a hot potato. “Between a rock and a hard place” is an idiom that means “in a difficult or bad position with no good way of getting out of it. After reading this and discussing, I assign each student an idiom. Today, We are sharing a PDF file containing more than 1200 Idioms & Phrases along with their Hindi Meaning. Caught with pants down. The Index at the back lists the idioms in alphabetical order, with further examples, and provides space to write a translation in your own language. 20 bizarre English idioms and how to explain them. I love how they confuse people. Kick The Bucket. Saweel ur Raheem January 1, 2014 4:52 pm 0. The Following Section consists of English Aptitude Test Questions on Idioms and Phrases. Last update: 01/2001. "She talked under to him" is not. Idioms and Phrases Verbal Ability Questions - Idioms and Phrases Quiz Details. German I Tutorial: Basic German Phrases, Vocabulary and Grammar Free German lessons with audio and exercises. A phrase in a sentence is a group of words that can stand alone as a distinct unit of the sentence. EduRev is like a wikipedia just for education and the To break the Ice - English Idioms and Phrases images and diagram are even better than Byjus! Do check out the sample questions of To break the Ice - English Idioms and Phrases for , the answers and examples explain the meaning of chapter in the best manner. A series of fun, informative, and detailed video lectures provide clear explanations, numerous example sentences. This can be confusing for kids, but we have a list of examples to help them learn the figurative meanings and express themselves in creative ways. This dictionary of idioms and expressions is an online version of the book by A. 100 Must Know Idioms Free e-book PDF. samethalu (jaathiyaalu or jathiyalu) can be explain clever meaning in few words and improves language command. Translate color of idiomatic The explain except which Poor. Click Here To Download. Well, idioms are nothing but special features or unusual phrases that have an implied meaning. April 23rd is generally considered to be a good day to celebrate the birth of England’s greatest poet and playwright, William Shakespeare. Idioms are short phrases with meanings that are different from the meanings Slang is almost never used in business English, but idioms are often used in. Bag of fruit Meaning: man’s suit. The idioms are all contained in short, entertaining texts, so that you can easily see the meaning of each idiom and how it is used. This in the language learning field is known as listening for gist. I know I left my wallet on my desk, but it's gone. There are many idioms in Australian English that people use to describe. That is not helpful. Lesson 9: Business Idioms Part 1 Idioms are short phrases with meanings that are different. Great suggestions include: sick as a dog, jump the gun, get cold feet, be in the same boat, etc. com (or UnsubscribeGoEnglish. Speak like a native with these 27 Hilarious Everyday German Idioms and expressions. In this lesson, students will distinguish the literal and non-literal meanings of verbal and written content in different contexts. ” Example of the first: “Ha! I scored! In your face!”. For example ‘Fred kicked the bucket’. Away with the pixies Meaning: dreaming. An Idioms and Phrase mean a speech form or it denotes an expression of a language. Lesson 9: Business Idioms Part 1 Idioms are short phrases with meanings that are different. Best idioms collection for intermediate and advanced English learners. A series of fun, informative, and detailed video lectures provide clear explanations, numerous example sentences. This is partly because there are no records of his birth—although he was baptized on April 26—and partly because he died on April 23 (and April 23 is St. Almost 600 Common American Idioms Almost 600 Common American Idioms 1. The emphasis is on meaning, with an activity to incorporate these expressions into use. I read/heard. When students gain an understanding of American idioms, and the facility to use them, they are truly a part of the American English speech. These Idioms and Phrases questions are easy to solve if know the meaning. Determine the appropriate meaning of figurative words and phrases (e. The first, and most common, is a form of derision. They are also frequently asked in competitive exams. In general, idioms are based on pair of words, number, nationality, color, etc. They are figurative words and are used as common and everyday expressions. “Peaks and valleys,” for example, is obviously the American version of “peaks and troughs. The team should focus on player development. It's just sour grapes. For example, an English speaker would understand the phrase " kick the bucket " to mean " to die " – and also to actually kick a bucket. Construction grammar in language. What is the difference between idioms and proverbs? -Saurabh Singh, India Answer. In short, idioms are everyday words or phrases whose meanings will be widely understood within a specific culture. To borrow money; B. pdf from ENGLISH 113 at Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology. Play Paint By Idioms online, here. For example chittasuddhi leni siva poojalu and kanchu mroginatlu kanakambu mroguna etc,. There is no need to define the exact nature of an idiom except to assume that it is a phrase that has a meaning different from the meanings of its individual parts. It really easy to do. Native English speakers will use idiomatic speech without even thinking about it. Example: Mrs. For example, “on the wagon” means “not currently drinking alcoholic beverages,” and “on the. How to use Idioms and Phrases a key to learn contain 700 Idioms and Phrases Dictionary With Their Urdu Meaning and Examples. Compiled, translated and explained by Tágide Crista. This can be confusing for kids, but we have a list of examples to help them learn the figurative meanings and express themselves in creative ways. Buy & download our British and American English idiom lists in PDF format. Occasionally, an idiom has more than one meaning. Jobnews July 28, 2018. Easy Spanish Phrase Book New Edition Over 700 Phrases For Everyday Use Dover Language Guides Spanish. 9 Phrases key concepts Definition of phrase Modification and complementation Adverb phrases Prepositional phrases Adjective phrases Noun phrases Verb phrases introduction No doubt you have noticed that our discussion of parts of speech required us to consider the phrases they occurred in. Idiom Meaning: An idiom is a group of words that are used as a common expression whose meaning is not deducible from that of the literal words. LIFE IS A JOURNEY teaching notes By Lindsay Clandfield This is a vocabulary and idiom lesson for pre-intermediate students and above. For example, to filter all "slang" records,. An idiom/phrase and four possible meanings are given, identify the meaning from the choices and mark its number. The Child is the Father of Man – Origin, Meaning and Explanation Category: Parenting , Proverbs, Sayings, Idioms and Phrases On September 15, 2015 By Prakash Origin: The phrase “The Child is the father of Man” first appeared in a poem, “My Heart Leaps Up” by William Wordsworth in 1802. com has come up with concept and sample questions for Idioms and phrases. across the board. Blood, sweat and tears -. Need more German? Try the German courses at Udemy, the videos with subtitles and translations at Yabla German and FluentU, the audio and video lessons at GermanPod101. Saweel ur Raheem January 1, 2014 4:49 pm 1. Idioms are short phrases with meanings that are different from the meanings Slang is almost never used in business English, but idioms are often used in. There are thousands of idioms, occurring frequently in all languages. Most idioms that start with prepositions are prepositional phrases and consist of a preposition followed by a noun or noun phrase. Verb Phrases. Idioms are specific to one culture and language and their meaning is peculiar to that language (institutionalised), otherwise ,idioms defined as proper language of a people or country, dialect; specific character of a language; expression peculiar to a language ( The Oxford Dictionary of. Glossary of Sports Slang and Idioms Used in Casual American Conversation. English to Bangla phrase. person knows the meaning of all the words and understands the grammar, the overall meaning of the idiom may be unclear. He’s pulling the wool over her eyes. When it’s time to start seriously focusing on the actual work, it’s time to get down to business. In this sentence ‘kicked the bucket’ is an idiom. Most of English idioms are informal. Learn English Today Free materials and resources for learners of English. Jobnews July 28, 2018. English Grammar Pdf English Speech English Vocabulary An idiom is a. In the Idioms and Phrases section, you will find key phrases with an explanation, example sentences, and other ways of saying the same phrase. An idiom is a gure of speech that cannot be understood by the literal meaning of the individual words, idioms and phrases english. Cambridge International Dictionary of Idioms PDF. Y You Are What You Eat: In order to stay healthy you must eat healthy foods. being provided by Adda247 to let you practice the best of latest pattern English Questions. ” However, there are still some phrases whose actual. early bird catches the worm the person to start the job Birds are out early looking for food. Define an idiom as as a saying that has a meaning that's different than the literal meaning of the phrase. 5 Headline writers always use idioms in their correct form. Chengyu 成语 (chéng yǔ) are idioms, usually made up of four Chinese characters. I had my druthers. For Example: The idiom. ye Notes Almost sabhi competitive exams ke liye important hai agar aap kisi bhi exam ki taiyari kar rahe hain to in notes ko niche diye button par click karke download kar sakte ho. I don't care for that. This idiom is used to say that two (or more people) agree on something. He's full of baloney. Translate color of idiomatic The explain except which Poor. I had my druthers. Chinese Chengyu (成语) is a type of traditional Chinese idiomatic expression, or simply ‘Chinese idioms’ in Chinese language learning, typically consisting of four characters. Check here the top 100 Phrases for SBI PO/Clerk & SSC in a single PDF to memorise, which may prove useful for candidates during the exam. By knowing the origins of idioms, students can more easily figure out the metaphorical meanings. For example, complaints is a collocate of deal with, as in the sentence we had to deal with a lot of complaints. When students gain an understanding of American idioms, and the facility to use them, they are truly a part of the American English speech. Whether you want to learn the basics about them—like what they are—or you simply want to see some examples of them in sentences, all of that information can be found below. Cooking Books Pdf (4) CSS/PMS Notes & Guide (144) Diet (26) download notes and. Foam at the Mouth Meaning: To be enraged and show it. Boatner and J. Idioms in books convey a meaning that cannot be gleaned from the literal text. They have, however, hidden meaning. They have a hidden meaning. This is going to be your first draft. Strategies for Translating Idioms from Arabic into English and Vice Versa Muna Ahmad Al-Shawi(*) Tengku Sepora Tengku Mahadi(**) Abstract: An idiom is a form of speech or an expression that is peculiar to itself. For example, in English when it rains heavily we commonly say it’s raining ‘cats and dogs’. Example: Av-a-go-yer-mug. Meaning: to do what someone else has done (often to do the same job as one's father or mother) Example: He decided to follow in his mother’s footsteps and become a doctor. oxford idioms dictionary for learners of english pdf download The aim of the Oxford Dictionary of option greeks pdf Idioms is to provide clear definitions of phrases and sayings for. T he expression “elephant in the room”, sometimes also “elephant in the living room”, means “a big issue everyone is aware of, but which is being ignored, because everybody finds discussion about it uncomfortable”. He's not telling the truth. 1наTo be given the green light. Cassell's dictionary of english idioms book depository, cassell's. So you’re looking for idiom examples, or you want to see some idiomatic expressions. Idioms in the News - 1, 000 phrases, real examples - Kindle edition by Peter Bengelsdorf. Indeed once we analyze many signed phrases that some people commonly call "idioms" we do find that those phrases are not idioms and instead are something else. What better way than to share with you 10 idioms and phrases with a Halloween theme! Halloween is associated with scary and spooky images like witches, black cats, blood, skeletons, ghosts, bats, weapons (knives, daggers) as well as less scary images like pumpkins and owls. This lesson you will learn the meaning of some of the idioms from the England and around the world. If you need to know the meaning of an idiom, this online idiom dictionary is the right place to go. The group "teacher both students and" is not a phrase because the words have no grammatical relationship to one another. Determine the appropriate meaning of figurative words and phrases (e. Its literal meaning suggests that cats and dogs are falling from the sky. Phrases and aphorisms are colloquialisms if they aren’t literal usages, yet are widely understand within a geographical boundary. Odd Man Out A story about a man who gossiped a little too much at parties making him the "odd man out" anytime he joined the fun. Phrases to use in business letters and emails Request for information I am writing to inquire about. Page navigation. Get 10 Randomly Chosen. Phrasal verbs with TAKE! Learn take aback meaning, take after meaning, take against meaning, take apart meaning, take aside meaning, take away meaning, take back meaning, take down meaning, take in meaning, take off meaning, take up meaning, take through meaningwith examples and ESL printable pictures. Listen to these examples. 377 common IDIOMS and their meanings An IDIOM is an expression or manner of speaking that's used in common parlance. The link to download this file is given below. They can be used in conversation sentences for expressing an underlying meaning, value or positive thought. This can be confusing for kids, but we have a list of examples to help them learn the figurative meanings and express themselves in creative ways. With pronouns: The girl told her sister that she was going to run away. When hearing “The door was opened. Quick Tips: Overused Words and Phrases Jul 20, 2013 by Lauren Schmelz 21861 views 1 Comment During the revision process of novel writing, you can quickly eliminate overused words and phrases once you know what some of these redundancies are. ahead of the pack - to be more successful than other people who are doing the same thing as you (a pack is a group of animals like dogs or wolves who live together). Idiomatic phrases differ in their degree of analyzability. Idioms, or language peculiar to a specific people, region, community, or class, often are used incorrectly. Use each idiom in a sentence. He’s pulling the wool over her eyes. ace – Baseball: A team’s best starting pitcher. Back to the drawing board. All these have appeared in recent years in different exams. These pictures were drawn by children and the results are often funny. Knowledge idioms with meanings and examples. Determine the appropriate meaning of figurative words and phrases (e. A pure idiom is a type of "conventionalized, non-literal multiword expression" whose meaning cannot be understood by adding up the meanings of the words that make up the phrase. Sounds like a great deal, huh? So today, we’ll take a look at 20 common Spanish idioms and discover what they mean. a hot potato Meaning: a hot potato is something that is difficult or dangerous to handle Example: I tried to learn German language but it’s a hot potato. being provided by Adda247 to let you practice the best of latest pattern English Questions. They illustrate the literal meaning of the idiom, and not the actual meaning. Important Idioms, Phrases & Phrasal Verb with Letter 'I'. This Online Dictionary contains general words and phrases, restaurant words and phrases and a huge section on food related items. One of the more common idioms in the English language is, "break a leg". So you’re looking for idiom examples, or you want to see some idiomatic expressions. The team should focus on player development. Positive Sentence,. Sit on the fence This is used when someone does not want to choose or make a decision. In other words, idioms don't mean exactly what the words say. Tip: See my list of the Most Common Mistakes in English. Here are the very common idioms of english to bangla. verbs with Meanings and. A phrase that cannot be fully understood from the separate meanings of the individual words which form it, but instead must be learned as a whole unit of meaning. He's not telling the truth. Idioms And Phrases With Tamil Meanings Pdf Download > DOWNLOAD (Mirror #1) d77fe87ee0 A Reference Guide to American English Idioms Published by the Office of English Language Programs. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. An idiom is a phrase or group of words that conveys a different meaning when put together. These phrases have other meanings, much different than the literal meanings. Phrases and aphorisms are colloquialisms if they aren’t literal usages, yet are widely understand within a geographical boundary. Why is this expression so well know to students, I have no idea? Perhaps it's a fun, simple and easy phrase to remember? Let's introduce you to some other expressions featuring the animal that makes up half that idiom - the dog. For example the expression 'spill the beans' is a pure idiom, because its real meaning has nothing to do with beans. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: